This three-volume set introduces researchers to issues surrounding both current energy sources and alternative energy options. While there is significant discussion of the non-renewable resources now used to meet the majority of the world’s energy needs (oil, coal and natural gas), the primary focus of the set is on newer options to meet the ever-growing demand.
These options include wind and solar energy, fuel cells, hydropower, geothermal power and biomass energy. In addition, more theoretical sources are also explored, including cold fusion, zero point energy and universal forces. Entries discuss the science behind the energy source, notable scientists and scientific discoveries, current examples of use, and the issues, challenges and obstacles to large-scale use. Arranged alphabetically by entry name.
Introduction: What are Fossil Fuels?
Liquefied Petroleum Gas: Propane and Butane
Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether
Chapter 2: Bioenergy
Introduction: What Is Bioenergy?
Vegetable Oil Fuels
Ethanol and Other Alcohol Fuels
Chapter 3: Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Power Plants
Geothermal Heating Applications
Chapter 4: Hydrogen
Chapter 5: Nuclear Energy
Introduction: What Is Nuclear Energy?
Chapter 6: Solar Energy
Introduction: What Is Solar Energy?
Passive Solar Design
Transpired Solar Collectors
Solar Water Heating Systems
Chapter 7: Water Energy
Introduction: What Is Water Energy?
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
Ocean Wave Power
Chapter 8: Wind Energy
How Wind Energy Works
Current and Future Technology
Benefits and Drawbacks of Wind Energy
Environmental Impact of Wind Energy
Economic Impact of Wind Energy
Societal Impact of Wind Energy
Chapter 9: Energy Conservation and Efficiency
Introduction: What Are Energy Conservation and Efficiency?
Climate Responsive Buildings
Green Building Materials
Energy Efficiency and Conservation in the Home
Chapter 10: Theoretical Energy Sources
Are Alternative Energy Sources Really Alternatives?
Dreams for the Future
Zero Point Energy
Other Types of Fusion